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What is Oxycodone acetaminophen and Side effects
Oxycodone-acetaminophen is a combination medication that contains two active ingredients: oxycodone and acetaminophen.
Oxycodone is a narcotic pain reliever that works by binding to opioid receptors in the brain and spinal cord to reduce pain signals.
Acetaminophen is a non-opioid pain reliever and fever reducer that works by blocking the production of certain chemicals in the body that cause pain and fever. Oxycodone-acetaminophen is typically used to treat moderate to severe pain. It is available in various forms, such as tablets, capsules, and liquids, and is usually prescribed by a doctor.
Crucial Points About oxycodone acetaminophen
Here are some crucial points about oxycodone-acetaminophen:
Oxycodone-acetaminophen is a prescription medication used to treat moderate to severe pain.
It is a combination of two active ingredients: oxycodone, which is an opioid pain reliever, and acetaminophen, which is a non-opioid pain reliever and fever reducer.
Oxycodone-acetaminophen can be habit-forming and has a high potential for abuse and dependence.
It can cause various side effects, including dizziness, drowsiness, constipation, and nausea.
Long-term use of oxycodone-acetaminophen can lead to tolerance, dependence, and addiction.
Overdose of oxycodone-acetaminophen can be fatal, especially when combined with other medications or alcohol.
It should be used with caution in patients with a history of substance abuse, respiratory problems, liver or kidney disease, or mental health disorders.
Patients taking oxycodone-acetaminophen should follow their doctor's instructions carefully and not exceed the prescribed dosage or duration of use.
What should you know before taking oxycodone acetaminophen?
Before taking oxycodone-acetaminophen, you should be aware of the following:
This medication is only available with a prescription from a healthcare provider.
Oxycodone-acetaminophen can be habit-forming and has a high potential for abuse and dependence, especially if misused or taken for a long time.
You should inform your doctor if you have any allergies to oxycodone, acetaminophen, or other medications, or if you have a history of substance abuse, respiratory problems, liver or kidney disease, mental health disorders, or any other medical condition.
Tell your doctor about all medications you are currently taking, including over-the-counter drugs, vitamins, and herbal supplements, as some medications may interact with oxycodone-acetaminophen and cause serious side effects.
Do not drink alcohol while taking oxycodone-acetaminophen, as it can increase the risk of side effects and cause liver damage.
This medication may cause drowsiness or dizziness, so do not operate heavy machinery, drive a car, or perform any other activities that require mental alertness until you know how it affects you.
Oxycodone-acetaminophen may cause constipation, so drink plenty of fluids and eat high-fibre foods to prevent this.
Always take the medication as directed by your doctor, and do not exceed the prescribed dosage or duration of use.
An appropriate way to use oxycodone acetaminophen
The appropriate way to use oxycodone-acetaminophen is to take it exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Here are some general guidelines:
Take the medication with a full glass of water, with or without food, as directed by your doctor.
Do not crush, break, or chew the tablets or capsules, as this can release too much of the medication at once and increase the risk of side effects.
Do not exceed the prescribed dosage or duration of use, as this can lead to overdose, addiction, or other serious health problems.
If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.
Do not stop taking the medication abruptly without consulting your doctor, as this can cause withdrawal symptoms.
Store the medication at room temperature, away from moisture and heat.
Dispose of any unused medication properly, according to local regulations and guidelines.
Keep the medication out of reach of children and pets, as it can be harmful or fatal if taken accidentally.
How is oxycodone acetaminophen supplied?
Oxycodone-acetaminophen is supplied in various forms, including:
Tablets: Oxycodone-acetaminophen tablets come in different strengths, typically ranging from 2.5/325 mg to 10/325 mg of oxycodone and acetaminophen, respectively.
Capsules: Oxycodone-acetaminophen capsules are available in various strengths, ranging from 5/325 mg to 10/325 mg.
Liquids: Oxycodone-acetaminophen is available in liquid form, with different strengths and flavours, to make it easier to swallow.
Extended-release tablets: Oxycodone-acetaminophen extended-release tablets are designed to release the medication slowly over an extended period, providing continuous pain relief. They are available in strengths ranging from 7.5/325 mg to 10/650 mg.
The specific form and strength of oxycodone-acetaminophen prescribed will depend on the patient's age, medical condition, and severity of pain. It is essential to follow the prescribing doctor's instructions carefully and not exceed the recommended dosage or duration of use.
Oxycodone acetaminophen Dosage Chart
The appropriate dosage of oxycodone-acetaminophen depends on various factors, such as the patient's age, medical condition, and severity of pain. Here is a general dosage chart for oxycodone-acetaminophen:
The typical starting dose for oxycodone-acetaminophen is 5/325 mg, taken every 4-6 hours as needed for pain relief.
The maximum daily dose of acetaminophen should not exceed 4 grams (4000 mg) per day, to avoid liver damage.
The maximum daily dose of oxycodone should not exceed 60 mg per day, to avoid overdose and serious side effects.
Dosages should be adjusted based on the patient's response to the medication and any side effects experienced.
For elderly patients:
Lower doses of oxycodone-acetaminophen may be required for elderly patients due to their decreased metabolism and excretion rates.
For pediatric patients:
Oxycodone-acetaminophen is not recommended for children under 12 years of age, as it can cause serious side effects, including respiratory depression and death.
For children aged 12-18 years, the typical starting dose is 2.5/325 mg, taken every 4-6 hours as needed for pain relief, not to exceed 10 mg oxycodone per dose.
It is essential to follow the prescribing doctor's instructions carefully and not exceed the recommended dosage or duration of use. Taking too much oxycodone-acetaminophen can lead to serious health problems, including overdose and addiction.